简单的分布式server
2021.07

简单的分布式server

目前分布式系统已经很流行了,一些开源框架也被广泛应用,如dubbo、Motan等。对于一个分布式服务,最基本的一项功能就是服务的注册和发现,而利用zk的EPHEMERAL节点则可以很方便的实现该功能。EPHEMERAL节点正如其名,是临时性的,其生命周期是和客户端会话绑定的,当会话连接断开时,节点也会被删除。下边我们就来实现一个简单的分布式server:

server:

服务启动时,创建zk连接,并在go_servers节点下创建一个新节点,节点名为”ip:port”,完成服务注册服务结束时,由于连接断开,创建的节点会被删除,这样client就不会连到该节点

client:

先从zk获取go_servers节点下所有子节点,这样就拿到了所有注册的server从server列表中选中一个节点(这里只是随机选取,实际服务一般会提供多种策略),创建连接进行通信这里为了演示,我们每次client连接server,获取server发送的时间后就断开。主要代码如下: server.go

package main

import (
    "fmt"
    "net"
    "os"
    "time"

    "github.com/samuel/go-zookeeper/zk"
)

func main() {
    go starServer("127.0.0.1:8897")
    go starServer("127.0.0.1:8898")
    go starServer("127.0.0.1:8899")

    a := make(chan bool, 1)
    <-a
}

func checkError(err error) {
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
}

func starServer(port string) {
    tcpAddr, err := net.ResolveTCPAddr("tcp4", port)
    fmt.Println(tcpAddr)
    checkError(err)

    listener, err := net.ListenTCP("tcp", tcpAddr)
    checkError(err)

    //注册zk节点q
    // 链接zk
    conn, err := GetConnect()
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf(" connect zk error: %s ", err)
    }
    defer conn.Close()
    // zk节点注册
    err = RegistServer(conn, port)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf(" regist node error: %s ", err)
    }

    for {
        conn, err := listener.Accept()
        if err != nil {
            fmt.Fprintf(os.Stderr, "Error: %s", err)
            continue
        }
        go handleCient(conn, port)
    }

    fmt.Println("aaaaaa")
}

func handleCient(conn net.Conn, port string) {
    defer conn.Close()

    daytime := time.Now().String()
    conn.Write([]byte(port + ": " + daytime))
}
func GetConnect() (conn *zk.Conn, err error) {
    zkList := []string{"localhost:2181"}
    conn, _, err = zk.Connect(zkList, 10*time.Second)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    return
}

func RegistServer(conn *zk.Conn, host string) (err error) {
    _, err = conn.Create("/go_servers/"+host, nil, zk.FlagEphemeral, zk.WorldACL(zk.PermAll))
    return
}

func GetServerList(conn *zk.Conn) (list []string, err error) {
    list, _, err = conn.Children("/go_servers")
    return
}

client.go

package main

import (
    "errors"
    "fmt"
    "io/ioutil"
    "math/rand"
    "net"
    "time"

    "github.com/samuel/go-zookeeper/zk"
)

func checkError(err error) {
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
}
func main() {
    for i := 0; i < 100; i++ {
        startClient()

        time.Sleep(1 * time.Second)
    }
}

func startClient() {
    // service := "127.0.0.1:8899"
    //获取地址
    serverHost, err := getServerHost()
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf("get server host fail: %s \n", err)
        return
    }

    fmt.Println("connect host: " + serverHost)
    tcpAddr, err := net.ResolveTCPAddr("tcp4", serverHost)
    checkError(err)
    conn, err := net.DialTCP("tcp", nil, tcpAddr)
    checkError(err)
    defer conn.Close()

    _, err = conn.Write([]byte("timestamp"))
    checkError(err)

    result, err := ioutil.ReadAll(conn)
    checkError(err)
    fmt.Println(string(result))

    return
}

func getServerHost() (host string, err error) {
    conn, err := GetConnect()
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf(" connect zk error: %s \n ", err)
        return
    }
    defer conn.Close()
    serverList, err := GetServerList(conn)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Printf(" get server list error: %s \n", err)
        return
    }

    count := len(serverList)
    if count == 0 {
        err = errors.New("server list is empty \n")
        return
    }

    //随机选中一个返回
    r := rand.New(rand.NewSource(time.Now().UnixNano()))
    host = serverList[r.Intn(3)]
    return
}
func GetConnect() (conn *zk.Conn, err error) {
    zkList := []string{"localhost:2181"}
    conn, _, err = zk.Connect(zkList, 10*time.Second)
    if err != nil {
        fmt.Println(err)
    }
    return
}
func GetServerList(conn *zk.Conn) (list []string, err error) {
    list, _, err = conn.Children("/go_servers")
    return
}

先启动server,可以看到有三个节点注册到zk:

    127.0.0.1:8897
    127.0.0.1:8899
    127.0.0.1:8898
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Authenticated: id=100619932030205976, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Authenticated: id=100619932030205977, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Authenticated: id=100619932030205978, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:04:58 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect

启动client,可以看到每次client都会随机连接到一个节点进行通信:

    2018/08/27 14:05:21 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:21 Authenticated: id=100619932030205979, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:21 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:05:21 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8899
    2018/08/27 14:05:21 Send loop terminated: err=
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54062->127.0.0.1:8899: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8899: 2018-08-27 14:05:21.291641 +0800 CST m=+22.480149656
    2018/08/27 14:05:22 Connected to [::1]:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:22 Authenticated: id=100619932030205980, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:22 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:05:22 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    2018/08/27 14:05:22 Send loop terminated: err=
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8897
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54064->127.0.0.1:8897: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8897: 2018-08-27 14:05:22.302322 +0800 CST m=+23.490801385
    2018/08/27 14:05:23 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:23 Authenticated: id=100619932030205981, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:23 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:05:23 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    2018/08/27 14:05:23 Send loop terminated: err=
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8897
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54070->127.0.0.1:8897: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8897: 2018-08-27 14:05:23.312873 +0800 CST m=+24.501324228
    2018/08/27 14:05:24 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:24 Authenticated: id=100619932030205982, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:24 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:05:24 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8899
    2018/08/27 14:05:24 Send loop terminated: err=
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54072->127.0.0.1:8899: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8899: 2018-08-27 14:05:24.323668 +0800 CST m=+25.512090155
    2018/08/27 14:05:25 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:25 Authenticated: id=100619932030205983, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:25 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:05:25 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    2018/08/27 14:05:25 Send loop terminated: err=
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8897
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54074->127.0.0.1:8897: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8897: 2018-08-27 14:05:25.330257 +0800 CST m=+26.518650566
    2018/08/27 14:05:26 Connected to [::1]:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:26 Authenticated: id=100619932030205984, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:26 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:05:26 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    2018/08/27 14:05:26 Send loop terminated: err=
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8897
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54080->127.0.0.1:8897: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8897: 2018-08-27 14:05:26.357251 +0800 CST m=+27.545614616
    2018/08/27 14:05:27 Connected to 127.0.0.1:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:27 Authenticated: id=100619932030205985, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:27 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8899
    2018/08/27 14:05:27 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    2018/08/27 14:05:27 Send loop terminated: err=
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54082->127.0.0.1:8899: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8899: 2018-08-27 14:05:27.369096 +0800 CST m=+28.557430764
    2018/08/27 14:05:28 Connected to [::1]:2181
    2018/08/27 14:05:28 Authenticated: id=100619932030205986, timeout=10000
    2018/08/27 14:05:28 Re-submitting `0` credentials after reconnect
    2018/08/27 14:05:28 Recv loop terminated: err=EOF
    2018/08/27 14:05:28 Send loop terminated: err=
    connect host: 127.0.0.1:8898
    read tcp 127.0.0.1:54084->127.0.0.1:8898: read: connection reset by peer
    127.0.0.1:8898: 2018-08-27 14:05:28.380455 +0800 CST m=+29.568760988
    ......

至此,我们的分布式server就实现了

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